Laws of the Game
for Officials, Referees, Players, and Fans

The Penalty Kick

A penalty kick is awarded against a team which commits one of the ten offences for which a direct free kick is awarded, inside its own penalty area and while the ball is in play.

A goal may be scored directly from a penalty kick.

Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time.

Position of the Ball and the Players

The ball:

The player taking the penalty kick: The defending goalkeeper: The players other than the kicker are located:

The Referee

Procedure

When a penalty kick is taken during the normal course of play, or time has been extended at half-time or full time to allow a penalty kick to be taken or retaken, a goal is awarded if, before passing between the goalposts and under the crossbar:

Infringements/Sanctions

If the referee gives the signal for a penalty kick to be taken and, before the ball is in play, one of the following situations occurs:

The player taking the penalty kick infringes the Laws of the Game:

The goalkeeper infringes the Laws of the Game: A team-mate of the player taking the kick enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 9.5 m (10 yds) of the penalty mark: A team-mate of the goalkeeper enters the penalty area or moves in front of or within 9.15 m (10 yds) of the penalty mark: A player of both the defending team and the attacking team infringe the Laws of the Game: If, after the penalty kick has been taken: The kicker touches the ball a second time (except with his hands) before it has touched another player: The kicker deliberately handles the ball before it has touched another player: The ball is touched by an outside agent as it moves forward: The ball rebounds into the field of play from the goalkeeper, the crossbar or the goalposts, and is then touched by an outside agent: